Wednesday, 16 November 2016

University Archives and Special Collections celebrates the Dymock Poets on 1 December

The University of Gloucestershire Special Collections and Archives is launching the Dymock Poets Online Catalogue. Several years in preparation, this database makes the Archives Dymock holdings accessible for the first time and is a tremendous research resource. To celebrate, the UoGSCA is hosting an evening of poetry and seasonal goodies. Students will read poems and there'll be a chance to hear about our longstanding ties with the Dymock Poets.

For more details, click here, or email Louise Hughes, Principal Library Advisor (Archives) at

Thursday 1 December
6:00 - 7:30 pm
University Archives
Francis Close Hall (QU024)

Everyone is welcome

Friday, 28 October 2016

Come and see us at our Open Day on Saturday 29 October, Francis Close Hall

Francis Close Hall Campus, a Victorian marvel.

If you're thinking of studying English next year, come and visit us on Saturday. Students and staff will be there to talk about our course and to answer your questions. Take a student-led campus tour to get a feel for the place.  People from AccommodationFinance and Student Support will be on hand to help.

We think there's no better place to study English. Of course we would say that. But our graduates agree: English Literature and Creative Writing scored 100% on the National Student Survey this year.

Book your place now: Open Days 2016. See you on Saturday.

Tuesday, 18 October 2016

Bob Dylan, Nobel Laureate: Yah-Boo!

John Hughes is Professor of Nineteenth-Century Literature at the University of Gloucestershire, and is the author of Invisible Now: Bob Dylan in the 1960s (Ashgate, 2013).

Bob Dylan’s elevation to Nobel Prize winner is something that has been in the wind for a while you can say, since every year his name is mooted as a candidate, a kind of standing reproach for some to the literary elitism of the Nobel committee. However, as so often with Dylan, the actuality of the prize has been divisive, testifying to his continuing power to stoke controversy over the value of what he does: specifically the literary quality, or even literary status, of his work. On the one hand, poets and writers throng to celebrate the award, and Seamus Perry, Chair of the Oxford English Faculty, makes an enthusiastic claim (with which I find it hard to disagree): that ‘Dylan winning the Nobel was always the thing you thought should happen in a reasonable world but still seemed unimaginable in this one’. On the other hand, the briefest glance at the internet or social media shows how actually how totally unimaginable it appears to so many people in fact that it should have been awarded in this world. Above all, the award has just irritated so many people who appear bamboozled by it, leading novelist Irving Welsh to claim in an oft-repeated tweet, that it was a ‘nostalgia award’ wrenched from ‘senile, gibbering hippies’. 

Yet it is worth pointing out Welsh remains in a tiny minority of literary artists, most of whom welcome the award (even if their own work remains more firmly entrenched in traditional print culture). An anthology of poems, for instance, by seventy poets greeted Dylan’s seventieth birthday, and Salman Rushdie, Andrew Motion, and many others (of the usual suspects) have been out and proud, and loud and vocal in the press since Dylan’s prize. So is this the Nobel just the occasion for a tiresome rehash of debates that have been going on since the sixties, about the literary qualities of Dylan’s work, where different people audition as gate-keepers or custodians of the literary, and squabble accordingly? Undoubtedly yes, it is all grist to the newspapers (in fact, the nadir of media coverage was plumbed by the BBC who showed a clip of a rubbish Dylan impersonator as the man himself on the 6 o’clock news).

However, even though it is a tired old debate, it is one that is worth considering briefly. My book on Dylan, Invisible Now, I confess was an attempt to find a way to write about what I saw as the sheer inspiration of his work when he was or is at his best, most undeniably in the mid-60s. But I was all too aware that it would be falsifying to treat it as poetry simply. Equally, it seems true that many poets remain in awe of Dylan’s mid-60s prodigality with words, and would give their eye-teeth to be able to do a fraction of what he seemed to do, and with such apparent abandon. So the need for me was to try for an idiom, a way of writing, that could register the literary qualities of his work, as well as its cultural influence, and subjective power, and all its other wider contexts and features… For instance: how write about the relation of his songs to the times, to his musical tradition, to the music, to his ways of singing, to the differing performances and so on? 

Bob & Sara Dylan with son Jesse, Byrdcliff home, Woodstock, NY, 1968

With reference to this discussion about the Nobel though, I believe it was this audacity and unbridled creativity with words that was always what other writers acknowledged. And this was often with a kind of amazement or envy that Dylan was able to take possession of popular forms and infuse them with a kind of endlessly transformative linguistic inventiveness that over and again in different ways was able to depict and contest his society, and to gauge variously its constraints and possibilities for individual expression. In this respect, those writers who have identified Dylan with ancient bardic traditions are surely on to something. More specifically too though, there is the point that it is not just what Dylan’s words mean that matters as what the words do. And this after all is in the other sense what the songs mean to those who love them. Right from my first listening to his songs, I felt there was an effect of vitality and decompression in his work that was bound up with the words, and that meant that what was important was the listener too; or put it another way, that the listener needed to be the kind of listener who could, and wanted to, respond to what Dylan, specifically, was doing with words.  And while many people do respond enthusiastically to this, one needs to acknowledge, many other people do not, or in mixed ways. And the bamboozlement or hostility that has greeted his award just speaks to this. In such ways Dylan was always a divisive figure, and continues to be so, as we have seen. So the question is not simply whether what Dylan does with words is poetry (the answer probably is no, but it is poetic or literary? Yes, and in the truest sense, one might say). Rather the question is whether one accepts what he does and responds to it, as I say. Which means that the essential thing is whether these songs speak to you, perhaps, whether one is able to answer the question ‘how does it feel?’ in some positive form or other.

Friday, 7 October 2016

Cheltenham Literature Festival 2016 starts today

The 2016 Cheltenham Festival of Literature begins today and runs until October 16. This year's programme is outstanding. The festival's theme is 'America Uncovered', and speakers include Sarah Churchwell, Reginald D. Hunter and P.J O'Rourke. History students already know that their Course Leader Dr Christian O'Connell is taking part in a session on New Orleans's music and culture on 12 October. Other highlights include appearances by novelists Ian McEwan, Eimear McBride, Lionel Shriver, Sarah Perry, Etgar Keret, and Val McDermid; travel writers Colin Thubron and Sara Wheeler; poets John Agard and Lemn Sisay; historian Mary Beard; director Oliver Stone; and many panel discussions on international literature, history, music and politics. Over 200 events are scheduled, plus a full programme for children. And that's just the official business. Cheltenham is a wonderful place to be during festival fortnight. We look forward to a week packed with books, coffee, music, and talk.

New events have been added this week. You can find out what's on day by day.

Are you planning to go to any events, or are you working as a Festival volunteer? Please send us a review. We'd love to publish your writing on the English Literature blog.

Facebook site (not affiliated with the University of Gloucestershire).

Image: CLF 2016 brochure.

Thursday, 22 September 2016

Social Media Intern

Above is the link to an opportunity for students in our School, including one from English Literature. I do hope the link works okay; you should be able to find it on there anyway. Basically, every year we look for someone to help out with our online presence by twetting, tittering or blagging (oh, and taking photos) whenever an event comes up. This can be anything from Open Days to one-off lectures. You get some training, work experience and a tablet.

If you are more up to date with this sort of language than I am, then this might be for you.


Wednesday, 21 September 2016

How to land a book deal worth millions

You know how we’re always saying that nobody gets rich through writing fiction? Well, once in a while someone does. This year, that someone is publishing sensation Chloé J. Esposito. If this is the first time you’ve heard of her, rest assured it won’t be the last. Chloé has just sold the rights to her erotic thriller trilogy, Mad, Bad, and Dangerous to Know, in a deal that’s already worth over £2million. In addition to that, Universal have bought the film rights and there’s already speculation that Jennifer Lawrence or Emma Stone might play the protagonist. All this and the first book won’t even be released until next summer.

So how do you land a multi-million-pound book deal? Damned if I know. But Chloé does, and she’s coming to the University to share her whirlwind experience with University of Gloucestershire students. This is an extraordinary opportunity to hear first-hand one of the most sensational stories the publishing world has known in recent years, and it’s a rare chance to meet a global superstar writer before she’s insanely famous. Chloé will be talking at Francis Close Hall Campus, in TC001, at 6:30pm on Tuesday 4th October. The event is free and everyone is welcome.
You can read more about our guest here, and don’t forget to book the date!

Friday, 16 September 2016

Welcome back

Induction Week begins on Monday and we look forward to meeting our new students of English Literature. Then on the following week, we greet our current students who are about to enter levels 5 and 6 (level 6!).

We love September and all the excitement that the new academic year brings. Whether you are freshmen or returning students, a very warm welcome to you all, and best wishes for a book-filled year ahead.

Monday, 8 August 2016

Goodbye 2015-16: Humanities round-up

The new academic year is not far away. Meanwhile, in the quiet of August we can look back at a very, very busy period from May to July.  First, our Back to the Future alumni supper brought together successful alumni and current students. The English Literature and Creative Writing courses had a high profile at the Cheltenham Poetry Festival Professor John Hughes and Dr Paul Innes spoke (respectively) to the public on the songs of Dylan and Shakespeare’s history plays.

Next up, the School of Humanities contributed three major events to the University Festival. Creative Writers rioted (as usual) with original work, guest speakers, and a conference dinner, all part of the Creative Writers Riot LINK organised by Lania Knight and students.

On June 8, the schools of Humanities and Media joined forces for their first ever creative collaboration:  Alchemy: a Creative Experiment.  What would happen, we asked ourselves, if an English Literature student got together with a songwriter? An historian with a film-maker? A Creative Writer with a Radio Production student?  The student alchemists who joined the project took the creative risks such a project entails; and we found gold. Members of the public, students and staff gathered at Cheltenham’s Wilson Gallery on June 8 for a gala evening (with champagne).  Ben Cipolla won the Grand prize of £250, but all the alchemists won £50. These artists produced some staggering work, and you’ll be able to find out more about the event in September (there are some photos on the English Literature Flickr gallery). Very special thanks go to Melody Grace, BA Hons English Literature (class of 2016), for reporting and photographing the event.

And the very next morning, the Humanities Student Research Conference presented and celebrated undergraduate research from levels 5 and 6 (photos here). It was truly inspiring to be part of this conference and to hear about work of such high calibre, as you can see from the programme.  My thanks to all the students who took part, with very special thanks, and all good wishes, to our new graduates. 

I wish all new and returning students a fabulous summer. See you in September 2016. 

Friday, 29 July 2016

Romeo and Juliet

I recently saw a friend in this production of Romeo and Juliet in London (now running as part of the Camden Fringe). The relationship between the nurse and Juliet was really well done, as was Friar Lawrence's fatherly tenderness towards the young couple. The fight choreography was excellent and the scene changes were particularly good, with some scenes artfully arranged so that they started before the last one had finished. Watch out for the annoyed servant who keeps hustling the Capulets to get a move on. In some places it felt as if the comedic elements were so successful they outdid the darker aspects of the play, but overall the production was really good, full of energy and warmth.

Friday, 24 June 2016

Open Days at Francis Close Hall, Saturday June 25 and Tuesday June 28

If you're considering studying English Literature this year or next, come to one of our Open Days and ask us all about it. We're running two more Open Days in June (Saturday 25 and Tuesday 28). Book your place here:

Humanities undergraduates share their research at our recent Humanities Student Research Conference. More here.

Come and see where and how we study, chat to current students, find out about accommodation and student life in Cheltenham, and catch a glimpse of the campus cat if you're lucky.  You can also keep up to speed by following us on Facebook and Twitter. We hope to see you soon.

Tuesday, 21 June 2016

Rose Wolfe-Emery reviews 'The Handmaid's Tale' by Margaret Atwood

At first glance, ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ reads like something one might happen across in a collection of fairy tales. Picture the deviant handmaid of a wealthy lady: attractive, rebellious, perhaps overcoming social class divisions by seducing a member of the gentry. In actuality, Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale tells a completely different story.

The tale takes place in ‘Gilead’, a dystopian Republic in which the traditional division of labour in heterosexual marriage has been dismantled and is divided among women. The jobs historically associated with the female counterpart in a marriage – such as cooking, cleaning, bearing and raising children – are allocated to women according to their fertility. The singular role of a handmaid is to provide a child for a ruling-class family; if she fails to do so after three assignments, she is declared an ‘Unwoman’ and is sent away to inevitably die from radiation poisoning. The names of handmaids change depending on the household they are allocated to, reflecting their invariability from one another and lack of identity. For instance, the titular handmaid’s name is ‘Offred’, mirroring how her body and sexual agency are the property of Fred, the commander she was assigned to.

One of the most interesting aspects of this novel is the ideologies (largely based on biblical interpretations) that are used to justify such a regime. Offred regularly has flashbacks to the lessons given at ‘the Centre’, where prospective handmaids are trained. By ensuring that the desires of men are catered for, this has vastly reduced sexual assault cases in Gilead – yet just like rape, women’s autonomy is removed from the equation. The handmaids are required to dress in red habits that conceal their bodies in order to appear demure and professional, while the colour symbolises the nature of their profession. They also wear white wings on their heads, which obscure their vision and subsequently narrow their view of the world – reflecting the irrelevance of their thoughts in such a society. This novel also features distinctly Orwellian elements, the ‘Eyes’ (secret police) supposedly catching anyone who doesn’t behave according the rules of Gilead.

Atwood has insisted that the world portrayed in this novel is speculative rather than genuinely futuristic, simply questioning what would happen if “casually held attitudes about women” were taken to their logical ends. For anyone interested in feminism, I thoroughly recommend reading this thought-provoking novel because it continually highlights relevant, contemporary issues. Perhaps most significantly, it makes us more concerned about them.

Tuesday, 14 June 2016

English Literature goes mad in Activity Week and beyond

The end of the academic year overwhelms students and staff alike. It's a time not just of hard work and deadlines but also the culmination of  twelve months of effort. Look closer, though, and you'll see that much more than exams (whether sitting or marking them) and marking deadlines has been going on since May.  The Humanities Activity Week offered a packed programme of events, on and off campus. Our School was closely involved with the wonderful Cheltenham Poetry Festival and student and staff spoke, performed, improvised and read at many of its events. History students (and others) spent a day at the National Civil War Centre, and the poet Helen Moore hosted a workshop combining ecology, poetry, and activism. Others buzzed off on the Humanities field trip to Cordoba, and we have no sympathy for them whatsoever.

Katie Green speaks to current students at the Back to the Future alumni event, 11 May 2016

We were very excited, and proud, to welcome three successful Humanities alumni to our special 'Back to the Future' alumni event. Former lecturer Dr Debby Thacker created this event last year to help current students think about their career and future options. The answer to the question 'what can I do with a degree in Humanities' is 'Anything you like'. Katie Green spoke about her passion for and commitment to teaching; Jess Toogood about her media career; and James Kearle explained how his English Literature degree gave him the skills of deep analysis he's put to use in engineering management. No one experience fitted all; each had arrived at their careers through so many different turns. Jess, James and Katie were totally inspiring to the students and staff who attended.

Jessica Toogood

Natalie Morris of Future Plan was also on hand to speak about the University's career and development support.

And to cap off the year, we celebrated student achievements at the University Festival ....but that's another post.

Wednesday, 8 June 2016

Alchemy: A Creative Experiment is at the Wilson Gallery, Cheltenham, TONIGHT

Sound and words bridge Shakespeare's world with our own. A stand-up comedian suffers an existential experience. Pictures are installed and some may move. A film called The Battle of Five Spices is shown. It can only be Alchemy: A Creative Experiment. Humanities and Media students take over the Wilson Gallery from 7:30 (not 7:00) TONIGHT. FREE. Book your place by clicking here.

Humanities Student Research Conference programme is now live

The final programme for our Humanities Student Research Conference has gone live:

Thursday 9 June 2016
11:00 - 3:00
Francis Close Hall TC002

Tuesday, 7 June 2016

Second week of the University Festival is Humanities week

The University Festival got under way last week, with loads of events scheduled across the University of Gloucestershire. This week, however, belongs to us.  Alchemy: A Creative Experiment, in which Humanities and Media students join forces, will set the house on fire at our gala champagne event at Cheltenham's prestigious Wilson Gallery on Wednesday 8 June at 7:30pm. This free public event is for the community too and is being publicised widely across the county’s media. What happens when song, folk music, poetry, film and radio collide? You'll find out tomorrow evening at the Wilson.
Book your ticket here.

Creative Writers are rioting, as always. Students and staff have put together a stellar event of guest readings and student work in Writers' Research Riot on Wednesday 8 June.  Alan Bilton, Joanna Campbell and Anna Lewis are three of the writers joining students for a panel discussion at Francis Close Hall at 3:00, and the mayhem moves to the Frog and Fiddle from 8:00pm. Details at the UoG Creative Writing blog.

The Humanities Student Research Conference should also be in your diaries for Thursday 9 June, FCH TC002, 11:00. The programme is being finalised and ranges from the death industry to slow food, J.G. Ballard and Gloucestershire protest.  Delegates will be plied with food and drink and we Humanities people never turn down a chance to argue and debate. 

We rule.

The full University Festival programme is here.

Wednesday, 1 June 2016

Helen Rawlings reviews 'The Revenant' by Michael Punke

After several months of assignment writing and exam revision, summer is finally upon us (pardon the rain) with a much deserved break for all. Most excitingly, this has given me time to get round to some summer reading – for pure unadulterated pleasure. My first choice has been Michael Punke’s 2002 novel The Revenant, which is loosely based upon real life events. In all honesty, I chose this book because of the hype surrounding Hollywood’s film adaptation that recently landed Leonardo Di Caprio his long-awaited Oscar. I digress; basically, I wanted to see what all the fuss was about, and what better way than to read the book?

Cast back to 1823 American mountain terrain: the dramatic setting in which fur hunter Hugh Glass pursues his ultimate quest for revenge. Mauled almost to death by a grizzly bear (some scenes are pretty gruesome so I would not recommend reading after a big lunch!) Glass is left for dead by his comrades from 'The Rocky Mountain Fur Company'. Two of these comrades steal his gun, which we later discover he really, really wants back. Overall, this was an enjoyable read – it was fascinating to learn about these frontiersmen in the early 1800s. The Revenant is a page turner and Punke effectively builds up tension as Glass battles a long and bloody road to revenge.

A series of dramas and trials face Glass as he battles native Indians and savage wildlife in his adventure of survival and bravery. I would definitely recommend this book – the historical aspects are interesting and there is lots of other reading on Glass and the frontiersman. For me, only one thing was wrong with the book – the ending. I don’t know what I was expecting exactly, but the act of revenge itself in comparison to the build-up felt slightly rushed and inconclusive. Regardless, this is a well-written book and an entertaining read.  I would be interested to see the movie now, and how Hollywood has destroyed it… Cynical, me?

Happy reading everyone.

Monday, 30 May 2016

The Summer Book Club

For most literature students, books have become deeply rooted in our everyday thoughts and habits. Whether it’s mulling over a sentence on your way to work, reeling from a character death, or desperately trying to keep your eyes open at 3AM to finish a chapter, books are there. Perhaps unknowingly, we orientate our lives around them. Whether it’s for our course or just from the unbridled pleasure we get from reading, a book is never far from the hand of a literature student.

In this vein, we thought it would be a great idea to put together a special summer series of blog posts – comprising of book reviews written by literature students. We thought this would be a good way to generate discussion and keep students actively engaged in their reading material over the summer… Not to mention finding great reads for each another!

Each review should be 200+ words – email your review to me ( and I’ll get it uploaded to the blog as soon as possible.

P.S. – for each review, book and/or Amazon tokens are up for grabs!

Wednesday, 11 May 2016

Some news from Creative Writing

Hi everyone, I'm just spreading some news from Angela France:

1.       The public artwork project for the minster alleyways, for which I ran a ‘walking workshop’ to create a collaborative poem. The artist’s blog is here (and I have attached the workshop photo separately):
Here is the photo:

2.       Cheltenham’s new Mayor will be inaugurated on May 18th at the ‘Mayor Making’ ceremony; as Poet in Residence, I have been asked to read a poem with local resonance as part of the ceremony.
All the best!

Tuesday, 26 April 2016

Get ready for Activity Week, 9-13 May

Our fourth Activity Week is coming up (9-13 May) and there's a wealth of events, field trips, poetry, and workshops. Join the History team for a day out at the National Civil War Centre in Newark - a steal at just £6 including coach travel. Closer to home, the award-winning poet Helen Moore will run a workshop on ecopoetry, writing, and activism. And the Activity week coincides conveniently with the 2016 Cheltenham Poetry Festival, with talks and performances from our own Paul Innes, Nigel McLoughlin, Angela France, and Lania Knight. Meanwhile, you can find even more opportunities for training, development, and volunteering at Degree Plus [requires login].

All events are open to everyone. Check your emails for our Newsletter, arriving shortly.

Finally, don't forget that the University Festival is coming up in June. The annual Humanities Student Research Conference, the Creative Writers' Riot, and the ALCHEMY creative project at Cheltenham's Wilson Gallery are some of the events lined up for June. Keep checking your emails!

Wednesday, 20 April 2016

Helen Rawlings reviews 'Don Quixote' at the Swan Theatre, Stratford-upon Avon

English Literature undergraduate Helen Rawlings, a seasoned theatre critic, reports on a special RSC production at Stratford -upon Avon.

Having never been to the Swan Theatre and not knowing anything about Don Quixote I wasn’t sure what to expect. Little did I know I would be in for such a treat. The comic tale adapted by James Fenton and based on Miguel De Cervantes classic novel,  was a visual masterpiece. So, we meet Don Quixote (David Threllfall) who has spent his life reading about brave knights, damsels in distress and their exciting adventures. He decides that simply reading these stories is no longer enough for him, he must set off into the world and experience being a Knight first hand. What follows is nothing short of comic genius as Sancho Panza (Rufus Hound) joins Don Quixote on his challenges. From stealing Barbers basins to fighting windmills and beating up priests, Don Quixote bumbles his way through his quest to be a gallant knight and win the hand of his ‘imaginary’ lady Dulcinea del Toboso. 
The leads were majestically performed by Threllfall and Hound, both demonstrating impressive acting ability. Not to mention the supporting cast who were all a hardworking and talented bunch. Special mention has to be for the impressive puppetry, the horses, sheep and the lion all added to the magic of the play. The set was simple but was used to full effect, the simplicity capturing the essence of this medieval play. The theatre itself was beautiful and intimate, this intimacy helped the audience feel very involved and at times certain members of the audience were really part of the action. Arguably, the finest play I have ever seen. It is playing in Stratford-Upon-Avon until May 21st so catch it whilst you can. One not to be missed. Simply marvellous.

Wednesday, 16 March 2016

Humanities Activity Week 14-18 March

HM5050 Field Trip to Cordoba. Those lucky so-and-sos. Photo courtesy of Ollie Brown. Follow Ollie on the UoG History Facebook Page.

This week is Humanities Activity Week (14-18 March), and we're offering a small programme of careers development, Library sessions and a few other events. The main event is taking place in Córdoba, where many students from across our Humanities courses are enjoying the HM5050 field trip, researching Andalusia's remarkable history and culture.

The newsletter with full details can be found at our Facebook pages.

Wednesday, 9 March 2016

Humanities Applicant Day, Thursday 10 March

If you're joining our English Literature course in September 2016, our Applicant Day this Thursday is especially for you.

Book your place here for Thursday: Applicant Day Online Booking.

You'll meet staff and current students, and have the chance to ask about finance, accommodation and the social aspects of student life.

Get to know our community through our English Literature Facebook Group and the UoG Humanities Forum. We're also on Twitter: @EnglishLitGlos.

See you on Thursday! 

Thursday, 3 March 2016

World Book Day, 3 March 2016

Today, read a book, or a chapter, or a poem. Pick up a paperback or read on your Kindle. Give someone else a book, or read to them, or to your cat. The pleasure, privilege and freedom of reading are all yours.

Have a wonderful World Book Day.

'Knowing that I loved my books, he furnished me
From mine own library with volumes that
I prize above my dukedom'.

The Tempest 1.2.166-68

Wednesday, 17 February 2016

Applicant Day for Prospective English Literature students, Thursday 18 February

In the Special Collections/Archive Room at Francis Close Hall.

If you're joining our English Literature course in September 2016, our Applicant Day this Thursday is especially for you.

Book your place here for Thursday, or for our next Applicant Day on 10 March: Applicant Day Online Booking.

You'll meet staff and current students, and have the chance to ask about finance, accommodation and the social aspects of student life.

Get to know our community through our English Literature Facebook Group and the UoG Humanities Forum. We're also on Twitter: @EnglishLitGlos.

See you on Thursday! 

Wednesday, 27 January 2016

A poem for Holocaust Memorial Day 2016

First They Came for The Jews

First they came for the Jews
and I did not speak out
because I was not a Jew.
Then they came for the Communists
and I did not speak out
because I was not a Communist.
Then they came for the trade unionists
and I did not speak out
because I was not a trade unionist.
Then they came for me
and there was no one left
to speak out for me.

Pastor Niemöller